Fire Ecology Program

Fuels, Fire Behavior, Emissions

Studying the spatial extent of fire, fuel loading, fire behavior, fuel consumption, and amount of smoke produced is essential to understanding both natural ecosystem processes and how to minimize the impacts of fire on human populations. We continue to work on improving methods for using remote sensing by satellites to better estimate are burned in the region. We have worked to quantify fuel loading and consumption, and have collaborated with Florida A&M University to measure the amount of smoke produced by fires (particulate matter emission factors) under varying conditions and modes of combustion.

Eden Robertson and Jessie Chi collect post­burn fuels for consumption estimates

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Landsat remote sensing shows burned areas (red/orange) on Tall Timbers

Dr. Glynnis Bugna and Florida A&M graduate student Chris Odezulu measure particulate matter from burning fuels at the Pebble Hill Fire Plots


Hsieh, Y.P., G.C. Bugna and K.M. Robertson. 2016. Examination of two assumptions commonly used to determine PM2.5 emission factors for wildland fires. Atmospheric Environment 147:274­-283.

Hu, X.F., C. Yu, D. Tian, M. Ruminski, K. Robertson, L.A. Waller, and Y. Liu. 2016. Comparison of the hazard mapping system (HMS) fire product to ground­based fire records in Georgia, USA. Journal of Geophysical Research – Atmospheres 121:2901­-2910.

Bried, J., N.J. Gifford, and K.M. Robertson. 2015. Predicted crown fire risk adds incentive to restore open­canopy pine barrens at the wildland­urban interface. 2014. Journal of Sustainable Forestry 34:147­167.

Robertson, K.M., Y.P. Hsieh, and G.C. Bugna. 2014. Fire environment effects on particulate matter emission factors in southeastern U.S. pine­grasslands. Atmospheric Environment 99:104­-111.

Reid, A.M., K.M. Robertson, and T.L. Hmielowski. 2012. Predicting litter and live herb fuel consumption during prescribed fires in native and old­field upland pine communities of the southeastern United States. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 42:1611­-1622.

Reid, A.M. and K.M. Robertson. 2012. Energy content of common fuels in upland pine savannas of the southeastern U.S. and their application to fire behavior modeling. International Journal of Wildland Fire 21:591­-595.

Picotte, J.J. and K.M. Robertson. 2011. Timing constraints on remote sensing of wildland fire burned area in the southeastern U.S. Remote Sensing 3:1680­1690, doi:10.3390/rs3081680.

French, N.H.F., W. de Groot, L.K. Jenkins, E. Alvarado, B. Amiro, B. de Jong, S. Goetz, E. Hoy, E. Hyer, E.S. Kasischke, R. Keane, B.E. Law, D. McKenzie, S.G. McNulty, R. Ottmar, D.P. Salicrup, J. Randerson, K.M. Robertson, B.M. Rogers, M. Turetsky, and G. van der Werf. 2011. Estimating wildland fire emissions for carbon cycle science. Journal of Geophysical Research 116, G00K05, doi:10.1029/2010JG001469.

Picotte, J.J. and K.M. Robertson. 2011. Validation of remote sensing of burn severity in southeastern U.S. ecosystems. International Journal of Wildland Fire 20:453­-464.

Hsieh, Y.P., G. Bugna, and K.M. Robertson. 2010. Chemical signature of biomass burning emitted PM2.5 and the detection of its presence in the air by a rapid method. Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference Proceedings 24:73­-78.

Picotte, J.J. and K.M. Robertson. 2010. Remote sensing of wildland fire burned area in southeastern U.S. Coastal Plain habitats. Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference Proceedings 24:86­-93.

Robertson, K.M. and T.E. Ostertag. 2007. Effects of land use on fuel characteristics and fire behavior in pinelands of southwest Georgia. Tall Timbers Fire Ecology Conference Proceedings 23:181­-191.